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CLASSIFICATION AND TYPES OF LEUKAEMIA

Written by Jason

Leukemia’s happen due to the cumulative effect of several genetic and environmental factors, although the actual cause is not known. Since the symptoms are quite vague and specific the disease often goes undetected. Symptoms are quite common to symptoms of common flu and illness and they are also not detected by blood tests.  Leukemia is as everyone of us know the cancer in the blood forming tissue of the body. It includes the bone marrow as well as the lymphatic system.

There are many different types of leukemia, and some of its forms are quite common in children but they mostly occur in adults. The white blood cells of our body who serve a protecting function by fighting against infections and diseases, are involved in leukemia. Because the people infected with leukemia, produce abnormal white blood cells which grow and divide abnormally, and cannot serve its proper function. Treatment is inevitably complex, depending on the kind of the disease one has developed. But a lot of advanced survival strategies and resources are coming up, which might make the treatment successful in some severe cases too. Leukemia treatment in India is effectively done following the new and advanced techniques.

The first type of classification of leukemia consists of the acute and chronic type. The second kind of classification includes the lymphocytic leukemia and myelogenous leukemia.

  • Depending on how fast leukemia’s progress, it is classified into two groups.
  1. In case of acute leukemia, the blood cells are abnormal and immature, known as blasts. They multiply so rapidly and spread to other portions of the body, that then their normal functioning is disabled. This process cannot be control and hence the disease condition is worsened over short period of time. Acute leukemia requires a very rapacious, progressive and timely treatment.
  2. In case of chronic leukemia however, the disease is classified into subtypes. The disease can either produce an enormous number of cells, or produce a very scant quantity of them. Here the blood cells are more mature, than in case of the acute leukemia. The blood cells replicate and aggregate slowly in this case, and hence they can function quite normally for some period of time. It is needless to say that they produce no early symptoms in the initial stage, and hence can go unnoticed and remain undiagnosed for a long period of time.
  • Depending upon the kind of white blood cells affected, leukemia’s can be classified into:
  1. In lymphocytic leukemia, the lymphoid cells are the lymphocytes of the body are affected. Our lymphatic system or immune system is formed of the lymphatic tissues or the lymphoid. Hence cancer in the lymphatic system damages the whole body.
  2. In case of the myelogenous leukemia’s, the myeloid cells of the body are affected. The myeloid cells produce the red blood cells, the white blood cells as well as the platelet producing cells. Hence in this kind of leukemia the whole blood tissue system of the body is damaged.

Some of the major types of leukemia include acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, myelodysplasia syndrome, hairy cell leukemia and myeloproliferative disorders.

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Jason

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